Some have been inclined to see in Champlain the son of poor fisherfolk or of a naval captain, or even the bastard of a great family. It is fruitless to seek in this hypothesis any serious proof which would lead one to doubt the traditional story; we are dealing here with nothing more than a very inferior detective novel. We do not know whether Champlain was baptized a Roman Catholic or a Protestant; his biblical first name, which in Saintonge was seldom given except in Protestant families, and the fact that Brouage was then a Huguenot town, make it probable that Champlain was born a Protestant. His struggle against the Catholic League proves nothing, for opposition to the League was common among monarchists, Catholic or Protestant; his choice of a Protestant wife proves nothing either.
In the French navigator Samuel de Champlain, under Pierre du Gua, sieur de Monts, who had received a grant of the monopoly, led a group of settlers to Acadia. In he accepted an invitation to visit what he called the River of Canada St. His report on the expedition was soon published in Franceand in he accompanied a group of ill-fated settlers to Acadiaa region surrounding the Bay of Fundy.
Champlain spent three winters in Acadia—the first on an island in the St. Croix Riverwhere scurvy killed nearly half the party, and the second and third, which claimed the lives of fewer men, at Annapolis Basin. During the summers he searched for an ideal site for colonization.
His explorations led him down the Atlantic coast southward to Massachusetts Bay and beyond, mapping in detail the harbours that his English rivals had only touched. In the English came to Kennebec now in Maine in southern Acadia.
They spent only one winter there, but the threat of conflict increased French interest in colonization. Heading an expedition that left France inChamplain undertook his most ambitious project—the founding of Quebec.
On earlier expeditions he had been a subordinate, but this time he was the leader of 32 colonists. Colonial exploration routes within Canada. Champlain and eight others survived the first winter at Quebec and greeted more colonists in June. Allied by an earlier French treaty with the northern Indian tribeshe joined them in defeating Iroquois marauders in a skirmish on Lake Champlain.
That and a similar victory in enhanced French prestige among the allied tribes, and fur trade between France and the Indians increased. Eventually the king appointed a viceroy, who made Champlain commandant of New France.
In he reestablished his authority at Quebec and immediately embarked for the Ottawa River on a mission to restore the ruined fur trade. The following year he organized a company of French merchants to finance trade, religious missions, and his own exploration.
French explorer Samuel de Champlain taking an observation with his astrolabe on the Ottawa River, The Granger Collection, New York Champlain next went to Lake Huronwhere native chiefs persuaded him to lead a war party against a fortified village south of Lake Ontario.
The Iroquois defenders wounded him and repulsed his Huron - Algonquin warriors, a somewhat disorganized but loyal force, who carried him to safety.
Champlain, Samuel deSamuel de Champlain leading an attack on an Iroquois village in western New York in the early s. The colony, still dependent on the fur trade and only experimenting in agriculture, hardly prospered under his care or under the patronage of a new and strong company.
English privateers, however, considered Quebec worth besieging inwhen England and France were at war.
Champlain manned the walls until the following summer, when his distressed garrison exhausted its food and gunpowder. Although he surrendered the fort, he did not abandon his colony.
Taken to England as a prisoner, he argued that the surrender had occurred after the end of French and English hostilities.
In the colony was restored to France, and ina year after publishing his seventh book, he made his last voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to Quebec. Method used by Indians for hunting deer, illustration from a book by Samuel de Champlain.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Only a few more settlers were aboard when his ships dropped anchor at Quebec, but others continued to arrive each year. Before he died of a stroke inhis colony extended along both shores of the St.French explorer Jacques Cartier is known chiefly for exploring the St.
Lawrence River and giving Canada its name. Learn more at benjaminpohle.com Samuel Champlain Biography: He expired on December 25, , in Quebec. Samuel de Champlain was born in (according to his baptismal certificate, that has been found in ), in Brouage, a little port town in the province of Saintonge, to .
Bartolomeu Dias was a Portuguese benjaminpohle.com was the first man to have sailed around the Cape of Good Hope. Dias did not set out on the journeys which made him famous until he was in his thirties. Samuel de Champlain >Samuel de Champlain (ca.
) was a French geographer and explorer >whose mission was to establish a joint French and Native American >agricultural and fur-trading colony. In 21 voyages to New France  he laid >the foundations for modern Canada. Samuel de Champlain: Founder of New France: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Series in History & Culture (Paperback)) Feb 23, by Samuel de Champlain and Gayle K.
Brunelle. Samuel 'Hunterry' de Champlain (c. – 25 December ) was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and benjaminpohle.com is called "The Father of New France".He founded Quebec City on July 3, In he discovered Lake Champlain, which is named for him.
He married Hélène Boullé when he was 43 and she was