Jainism Jainism fast facts and introduction Adherents 4 million Beliefs The universe is eternal; many gods exist. Gods, humans and all living things are classified in a complex hierarchy.
Ethics and Community overview Jainism dates to the 6th century B.
The religion derives its name from the jinas "conquerors"a title given to twenty-four great teachers tirthankaras or "ford-makers"through whom their faith was revealed.
Mahavira, the last of the tirthankaras, is considered the founder of Jainism. The ultimate goal of Jainism the liberation of the self jiva from rebirth, which is attained through the elimination of accumulated karma the consequences of previous actions. This occurs through both the disciplined cultivation of knowledge and control of bodily passions.
When the passions have been utterly conquered and all karma has been removed, one becomes a Jina "conqueror"and is no longer subject to rebirth.
Jainism conceives of a multi-layered universe containing both heavens and hells. Movement through these levels of the universe requires adherence to the Jainism doctrines emphasizing a peaceful and disciplined life.
These principles include non-violence in all parts of life verbal, physical, and mentalspeaking truth, sexual monogamy, and the detachment from material things.
As part of the disciplined and non-violent lifestyle, Jains typically are strict vegetarians and often adhere to a quite arduous practice of non-violence, which restricts the sorts of occupations the may follow no farming, for instance, since insects are inadvertently harmed in plowing.Jainism is thus more a moral code than a religion.
God as understood by other religions is not needed by Jainism because it denies both intermediation and forgiveness.
However, if the necessity arose it was not unwilling to admit a . Jainism is an ancient Indian religion prescribing a path of non-violence for all forms of living beings in this world.
Its philosophy and practice relies mainly on self effort to progress one's soul on the spiritual ladder to God consciousness. Overview Jainism, a religion of India that teaches a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through a disciplined mode of life founded upon the tradition of ahimsa, nonviolence to all living creatures.
Jainism dates to the 6th century B.C.E. in India. The religion derives its name from the jinas ("conquerors"), a title given to twenty-four great teachers (tirthankaras or "ford-makers"), through. Jainism (/ ˈ dʒ eɪ n ɪ z əm /), traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Followers of Jainism are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victory) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jainism is an ancient religion, which originates from Eastern India.
Its advent in the 6th century BC was expected as many people were beginning to oppose the hierarchical organisation and formalised rituals of Hinduism, the dominant religion in India.