Etymology[ edit ] The German term sozialstaat "social state" has been used since to describe state support programs devised by German sozialpolitiker "social politicians" and implemented as part of Bismarck's conservative reforms. The literal English equivalent "social state" did not catch on in Anglophone countries. Members of Young England attempted to garner support among the privileged classes to assist the less fortunate and to recognize the dignity of labor that they imagined had characterized England during the Feudal Middle Ages.
He has around 30 years' experience researching UK and EU labour and training markets. His recent work has concentrated on the operation of apprenticeship systems, and the measurement and assessment of skill mismatches in the UK and in the EU.
He is currently leading a programme of research analysing skill mismatches. He is currently leading a multinational research team that is producing projections of the future demand for and supply of skills in the European Union and its member states.
This programme of research is being funded by Cedefop.
He is also involved in modelling skills demand in a number of countries outside of the EU. His research interests are in applied labour economics, particularly issues of migration, unemployment compensation schemes, workless households, job search, discrimination, inequality, minimum wages, union activity and the labour markets of eastern Europe.
Previously, he worked at Statistics Netherlands, where he was involved in several studies on population and the labour force on behalf of the European Commission. He holds an MSc in human geography and sociology from the University of Groningen.
Matthew Whittaker is chief economist and acting deputy chief executive at the Resolution Foundation thinktank.
He has published numerous reports on the labour market, taxes and benefits, government finances, household debt and social policy.
Jobs and Skills inpublished in Previously, he worked for Skillfast-UK, the sector skills council for the apparel, footwear and textile industry. He studies trends in labour market inequality and job skill requirements, particularly the impacts of changes in technology, work roles, and organisational structure.
His research has examined questions of skills mismatch and the impact of computers and employee involvement practices on wages, skills and employment. He holds a PhD in sociology from Harvard University.
Werner Eichhorst joined IZA as a research associate in Julybecame senior research associate in Februarydeputy director of labour policy in April and director of labour policy Europe in January From to he was project director at the Bertelsmann Foundation, a private thinktank in Germany, where he was responsible for comparative analyses of the German labour market and related policy areas, and worked at the Institute for Employment Research IABfrom to His main research area is the comparative analysis of labour market institutions and performance, as well as the political economy of labour market reform strategies.
Michael Fischer is programme manager for trade unions and co-determination at Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. He has a longstanding interest in models of alternative economic development. He earned a PhD in sociology and public affairs from Indiana University in He studies poverty and inequality, social policy, politics and labour, among other topics.
He works on social stratification, comparative labour markets, welfare states and quantitative methods.To enable our students to become creative, sophisticated thinkers, active citizens, and effective leaders in the global community, the department contributes to a broad liberal education, introducing students to a wide array of disciplines and traditions in the humanities and social sciences.
In. dramatic changes in the economy, in social conditions that affect the demographic composition of the population, and in Changing poverty and changing antipoverty policies 1 Poverty levels and trends in comparative perspective 7 and public policy changes that broadly affect low-wage.
The Case for Reparations. Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy.
Sustainable Social Policy: Fighting Poverty Without Poverty Programs. Theda Skocpol. Summer Though the elderly gained more from the social policy changes of this era, the non-elderly poor were the more visible concern, especially of the widely trumpeted War on Poverty.
As before in American history, antipoverty reformers . The Nationalist's Delusion. Trump’s supporters backed a time-honored American political tradition, disavowing racism while promising to enact a broad agenda of discrimination.
The Levy Economics Institute of Bard College is a non-profit, nonpartisan, public policy think tank.