At the end of the 19th century, the Chinese government realized that the overseas Chinese could be an asset, a source of foreign investment, and a bridge to overseas knowledge; thus, it began to recognize the use of the term Huaqiao. Literally, it means Tang people, a reference to Tang dynasty China when it was ruling China proper.
Literally, it means Tang people, a reference to Tang dynasty China when it was ruling China proper. It should be noted that this term is commonly used by the CantoneseHakka and Hokkien as a colloquial reference to the Chinese people, and has little relevance to the ancient dynasty.
Chinese emigration The Chinese people have a long history of migrating overseas. One of the migrations dates back to the Ming dynasty when Zheng He — became the envoy of Ming. In the Overseas chinese and chinese people century, the age of colonialism was at its height and the great Chinese Diaspora began.
Many colonies lacked a large pool of laborers. Meanwhile, in the provinces of Fujian and Guangdong in China, there was a surge in emigration as a result of the poverty and ruin caused by the Taiping rebellion.
Many Hokkien chose to work in Southeast Asia where they had earlier links starting from the Ming eraas did the Cantonese.
The city of Taishan in Guangdong province was the source for many of the economic migrants. For the countries in North America and Australasiagreat numbers of laborers were needed in the dangerous tasks of gold mining and railway construction.
Widespread famine in Guangdong impelled many Cantonese to work in these countries to improve the living conditions of their relatives.
Some overseas Chinese were sold[ by whom? Many of these emigrants who entered Western countries were themselves overseas Chinese or were from Taiwan or Hong Kong, particularly from the s to the s, a period during which the PRC placed severe restrictions on the movement of its citizens.
The Tiananmen Square protests of further accelerated the migration. In addition, many citizens of Hong Kong hold citizenships or have current visas in other countries so if the need arises, they can leave Hong Kong at short notice. In fact, after the Tiananmen Square incident, the lines for immigration visas increased at every consulate in Hong Kong.
More recent Chinese presences have developed in Europewhere they number nearly a million, and in Russiathey number over , concentrated in Russian Far East. Chinese who emigrated to Vietnam beginning in the 18th century are referred to as Hoa.
It is estimated that only 26, of the old Chinese community now remain in South Korea. As of Augustthere were an estimatedChinese nationals working or living for extended periods in different African countries. As of [update] as many as 40, Chinese lived in Namibia an estimated 80, Chinese in Zambia  and 50, Chinese in Nigeria.
Overseas Chinese experience The Chinese usually identify a person by ethnic origin instead of nationality. As long as the person is of Chinese descent, that person is considered Chinese, and if that person lives outside of China, that person is overseas Chinese.
Sinophobia Overseas Chinese have sometimes experienced hostility and discrimination. In countries with small Chinese minorities, the economic disparity can be remarkable. Sometimes the anti-Chinese attitudes turn violent, such as the May 13 Incident in Malaysia in and the Jakarta riots of May in Indonesia, in which more than 2, people died, mostly rioters burned to death in a shopping mall.
It is commonly held that a major point of friction is the apparent tendency of overseas Chinese to segregate themselves into a subculture.
Kua Kia Soong, the principal of New Era College, who has put forward the controversial argument that the May 13 Incident was a pre-meditated attempt by sections of the ruling Malay elite to incite racial hostility in preparation for a coup.
In Malaysia, Overseas Chinese tend to support equal and meritocratic treatment on the expectation that they would not be discriminated against in the resulting competition for government contracts, university places, etc.Overseas Chinese (traditional Chinese: 海外華人; simplified Chinese: 海外华人; pinyin: Hǎiwài Huárén) are people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the People's Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan) or Hong Kong and Macau.
People of partial Chinese ancestry living outside the Greater China Area may also consider. Han Chinese (also called Han) (simplified Chinese: 汉族; traditional Chinese: 漢族; pinyin: hàn zú) is an ethnic group from China.
92% of the Chinese population and more than 97% of the Taiwanese population are Han. Out of the entire human population in the world, 19% are Han Chinese.
Han Chinese have the highest concentrations in the Eastern Provinces of China, particularly in the Hebei. Overseas Chinese are people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the territories administered by the rival governments of the People's Republic of China (PRC) (mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau) and the Republic of China (ROC) (Taiwan).
People of partial Chinese ancestry may also consider themselves Overseas Chinese.
Chinese immigrants once viewed the past as a black box – sealed shut to blend in abroad. But as new generations come of age, many are turning to genealogical services to search for identities.
The Chinese people have a long history of migrating overseas. One of the migrations dates back to the Ming dynasty when Zheng He (–) became the envoy of Ming.
He sent people – many of them Cantonese and Hokkien – to explore and trade in the South China Sea and in the Indian Ocean.. Qing Dynasty and Republic of China. Welcome to our Chinese learning website! The aim of our site is to provide you with a wide range of Chinese podcasts to make it easy for you to learn Chinese.