The largest company in its industry, Western Union has serviced cash payments for thousands of well-known corporations for more than one hundred years.
The novella's theme and central conflict — the individual versus the collective — occurs in all her novels and is an important element of her moral and political philosophy. The story of Anthem takes place in an unnamed Communist- or Fascist-like dictatorship of the future, where an individual has no rights, existing solely to serve the state.
The hero, Equalityis a brilliant young man who yearns to be a scientist, but who is commanded to be a Street Sweeper by a government that fears his independence of mind. The citizens of this society are pawns without rights who exist as wards of the state.
They are born in state-controlled hospitals, raised in state-controlled nurseries, educated in state-controlled schools, toil at state-assigned jobs, and sleep in massive barracks organized by the state.
Citizens have no personal lives or loves; they cannot choose friends or lovers.
Instead, they engage in state-controlled breeding, in which the government decides who sleeps with whom and when. Even their names are variations on collectivist slogans — Unity, Fraternity, International, and so on — followed by numbers, indicating the many "brothers" who share the slogan for a name.
Above all, the word "I" has been outlawed; it is the "Unspeakable Word" that has been erased from the language and from the thoughts of citizens.
All first-person references have been expunged from individual thought.
When individuals speak of themselves, they use the collective "we," there being no individualistic concepts or words available. The struggle of Equality to think, live, and love on his own terms and in conflict with the oppressive dictatorship forms the heart of Anthem.
By means of her character's quest, Ayn Rand defends the right of individuals to a life of their own and sounds a warning against modern society's relentless movement toward collectivism. The novella is informed with a sense of urgency derived from the popularity of various collectivist factions existing at the time of its writing that continue to exist to this day.
In the s, a number of U. Ayn Rand was born in Russia in and raised during the Russian Revolution. She saw firsthand the horrors of Communism in action.
She witnessed the confiscation of private property, the persecution and disappearance of political dissidents, and through reports from her family that remained in Russia, the extermination of millions by Josef Stalin. Escaping to America — the freest country in history — she was horrified to find present and increasingly popular the very ideas she had fled.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, though certainly not an advocate of totalitarianism, implemented, in the New Deal, a myriad of programs that were loosely based on the premise that moral virtue resides exclusively in selfless service to others.
Before the war, moral support existed in the United States for both the Communists and the Nazis; even after the war, support for Communism persisted among the intellectuals, as it does to this day.
Ayn Rand wrote Anthem in the s as a warning to Western civilization about the horrors of collectivism, whether of the Nazi or Communist variety. Without doubt, the most strikingly original feature of the book is its use of language. In the society depicted in the story, the process of collectivization has been completed at a level far deeper than the political.
This society has successfully brainwashed its citizens to believe that only toil for others is good, and that they should exist utterly bereft of a personal life. The collectivist masters have also succeeded in radically altering the thought patterns of its citizens.
Leaders have obliterated all concepts of individuality from human minds. Concepts such as "I," "me," or any other individualistic, first-person references have been extirpated from language and from human thinking.
Only collectivist thought and speech are permitted. Individuals think and speak of themselves only as "we. The situation is reminiscent of Hitler's claim that National Socialism was more effectively collectivist than Communism because, as he put it, "The Communists nationalize banks and industries, whereas we [the Nazis] nationalize bankers and industrialists," that is, humans.
Another memorable aspect of this story is the depiction of a collectivist society as regressing into scientific, technological, and industrial collapse. Her vision of a collectivized society stands in sharp contrast to that of George Orwell as presented in his novel, Orwell and Rand agree about the moral horrors of such a society — the utter lack of individual rights, the slave labor, the indoctrination, the inability to think or speak freely, the terror, and the oppressive sense of futility under these conditions.
But Orwell projects a totalitarian state of scientific and technological advance. Inspectacular progress in the hard sciences has created the ability to engage in thought control.Ayn Rand was a champion of individual rights, which protect the sovereignty of the individual as an end in himself; and of capitalism, which is the only social system that allows people to live together peaceably, by voluntary trade, as independent equals.
Anthem, by Ayn Rand, is a very unique novel. It encircles individualism and makes the reader think of how people can conform to society and do as they are told without knowing the consequences and results of their decisions.
Ayn Rand wrote Anthem in the s as a warning to Western civilization about the horrors of collectivism, whether of the Nazi or Communist variety. Without doubt, the most strikingly original feature of the book is its use of language. Anthem Essays - Collectivism vs Individualism in Ayn Rand’s Anthem.
Essay on Collectivism vs Individualism in Ayn Rand’s Anthem - Ayn Rand’s Anthem is a politically satirical novel is set in a future society that is so highly collectivized that the word “I” has been banned. Anthem Political Philosophical Book Freedom Ayn Rand's book, Anthem, is an incredible book that highlights the benefits of a free, individualistic society, over the Collective (the type that is presented by liberals, the Democratic Party, professors, media types, and other elites who ".
In this first book-length study of Ayn Rand's anti-utopia Anthem, essays explore the historical, literary, and philosophical themes presiding in this novella written in opposition to the totalitarianism of the Soviet Union (and Nazi Germany).5/5(2).