Here are snippets from the "What is I used to think that the major difference was mainly in research methods - that sociological research was based on surveys and statistics while anthropology relied on more in-depth, qualitative research methods such as ethnography.
The formal sciences are the branches of science that are concerned with formal systemssuch as logicmathematicstheoretical computer scienceinformation theorysystems theorydecision theorystatisticsand theoretical linguistics.
Unlike other sciences, the formal sciences are not concerned with the validity of theories based on observations in the real world empirical knowledgebut rather with the properties of formal systems based on definitions and rules.
Methods of the formal sciences are, however, essential to the construction and testing of scientific models dealing with observable reality,  and major advances in formal sciences have often enabled major advances in the empirical sciences. Decision theory Decision theory in economics, psychology, philosophy, mathematics, and statistics is concerned with identifying the values, uncertainties and other issues relevant in a given decision, its rationality, and the resulting optimal decision.
It is very closely related to the field of game law. Logic is used in most intellectual activities, but is studied primarily in the disciplines of philosophymathematicssemanticsand computer science. Logic examines general forms which arguments may take, which forms are valid, and which are fallacies.
In philosophy, the study of logic figures in most major areas: In mathematics and computer science, it is the study of valid inferences within some formal language.
Mathematics and Outline of mathematics Mathematics, first of all known as The Science of numbers which is classified in Arithmetic and Algebra, is classified as a formal science,   has both similarities and differences with the empirical sciences the natural and social sciences.
It is similar to empirical sciences in that it involves an objective, careful and systematic study of an area of knowledge; it is different because of its method of verifying its knowledge, using a priori rather than empirical methods.
Statistics and Outline of statistics Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, and interpretation of data. Such people have often gained this experience through working in any of a wide number of fields.
There is also a discipline called mathematical statisticswhich is concerned with the theoretical basis of the subject. The word statistics, when referring to the scientific discipline, is singular, as in "Statistics is an art.
Systems theory Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems in general, with the goal of elucidating principles that can be applied to all types of systems in all fields of research. The term does not yet have a well-established, precise meaning, but systems theory can reasonably be considered a specialization of systems thinking and a generalization of systems science.
In this context the word systems is used to refer specifically to self-regulating systems, i. Self-regulating systems are found in nature, including the physiological systems of our body, in local and global ecosystems, and in climate.
Theoretical computer science[ edit ] Main article: Theoretical computer science Theoretical computer science TCS is a division or subset of general computer science and focuses on more abstract or mathematical aspects of computing.
These divisions and subsets include analysis of algorithms and formal semantics of programming languages. Technically, there are hundreds of divisions and subsets besides these two.
Each of the multiple parts have their own individual personal leaders of popularity and there are many associations and professional social groups and publications of distinction.
Applied science and Outline of applied sciences Applied science is the application of scientific knowledge transferred into a physical environment. Examples include testing a theoretical model through the use of formal science or solving a practical problem through the use of natural science.
Applied science differs from fundamental sciencewhich seeks to describe the most basic objects and forces, having less emphasis on practical applications. Applied science can be like biological science and physical science. Example fields of applied science include.Humanities and social sciences deal with human aspects like politics, law, linguistics, economics, and psychology.
One of the major differences between the two is that humanities involve a more critical and analytical approach whereas social sciences deal with more of a scientific approach. These include environmental anthropology and sociology, womens studies, political science and hundreds of other specialties.
Both fields have descendant fields that integrate with the hard sciences such as forensic anthropology, medical sociology, criminology, social work, and archeology. Anthropology Archaeology Criminology Communication Economics Education Gender Studies Geography History Law Linguistics Philosophy Political Science What are the major differences between anthropology and sociology?
there are a few scholars who, without context, I'd have a hard time placing in one field or the other just by reading.
Sociology and its differences with other social sciences. by kamran Sociology and its difference with other social sciences , views. Share; Like; Sociology and its .
What is the difference between a hard science and a soft science? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 7 Answers. and the other hard sciences apply to the soft sciences? Ask New Question. Quora User, Research Scientist. What are the pros and cons of learning hard science versus soft .
The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology.
Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's .