What are footnotes used for in an essay

Basically, footnoted material is of three types:

What are footnotes used for in an essay

In modern word-processors footnotes can be added automatically.

How to Do Footnotes

However, you should use this facility with care and restraint. A bracketed number should be placed, as A. The number may be placed after a specific word if necessary, or at a break in the sense of the sentence.

What are footnotes used for in an essay

Sometimes the footnote may be used to add an aside or to offer a comment on something which is only obliquely related to the topic in question.

If a direct quotation is being used, the reference in the footnote should allow a reader to trace the source of the information if necessary. That is, you should give details of author, title, publisher, and date of publication, then page number.

Successive quotations from the same source may be indicated by using the op.

Writing a Response essay : outline, format, structure, topics, examples

Alternatively, use the short-title system. This system of footnoting can become extremely complicated and difficult to use — particularly if you wish to make changes. The addition of one new quotation in the middle of the essay can throw the whole system out of order.

There are other reasonable arguments against using footnotes. The most important is that by their very nature they interrupt the flow of your argument. It is very difficult for a reader to resist the inducement to glance to the bottom of the page — no matter how lightweight the remarks which are placed there.

The easiest solution to these problems is to present this information as endnotes. These are given on a separate sheet at the end of your essay. This system is much easier to use, and additions or corrections can be more easily made when producing the final draft.

The general tendency in academic writing has recently been to offer endnotes rather than footnotes. This is because the printing of footnotes in academic publications is very costly.

However, the automatic footnoting facility on modern word-processors might reverse this trend. Imaginary Press,p. This system can easily become very unwieldy, even though it is obviously convenient for the reader.

If the notes are no more than bibliographical information on your sources, the effect will be slightly irritating.Edit Article How to Do Footnotes.

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Two Methods: Using Footnotes as Citations Using Footnotes to Clarify Information Community Q&A Footnotes are useful, as providing helpful supplementary information and citations at the bottom of a page of text. How to write a Response essay? This type of essay is basically a response to some work by the author.

This is a personal reaction and attitude to the specific ideas revealed in a certain work and their application of the author’s life. Supporting Scholarship. The MHRA makes Conference Grants to support up to ten colloquia each year, allocated in two rounds. An important part of MHRA's work in the scholarly community is the support of younger colleagues entering the profession.

Citation generator for Harvard, Chicago, MLA and APA references. How to Cite a Website (and Achieve True Unagi) The Internet is a great resource for students, but websites can be difficult to cite correctly.

Find out how to cite a website in three major style guides. 1. Introduction 2.

What are footnotes used for in an essay

Using quotations in your essay 3. Additional information Introduction. Many students tend to overuse direct quotations in their essays.

Guidelines for Footnotes and Bibliography | History, University of Regina